The Training Collar

She could no longer feel her toes, just raw, unbearable pain. Having retained her position en pointe for as much as her untrained ankles could stand, the entire length of her legs began to shake. She was losing composure, and she knew He could see it. She began to feel the warning vibrations at her neck, which was adorned by a satin-wrapped training collar. She took a breath, straightened up and resumed the sylph-like pose.

General Information:
The training collar (also known as shock collar, remote electronic training collar or e-collar by users) employs an electric shock to improve training, reinforce commands and eliminate bad habits. It may be combined with an “invisible fence”, a signal wire surrounding a slave’s permitted area, which will send a shock to the slave, should she stray too near it.

The two critical aspects of the effect of training collars are the amount of energy delivered in the electrical impulse, and the waveform and duration of that pulse. The voltage or current delivered cannot individually be relied upon as indicators of the discomfort produced by a shock. The amount of energy (joules) that flows through the body which, in a closed circuit, is based on volts, current and time.

Pulse duration, pulse repetition rate (frequency) and pulse waveform are major determinants of the degree of discomfort the slave experiences. Longer pulse durations and increasing repetition rates produce more discomfort than shorter pulse durations and less repetition.

There is no market standardization for these devices: pulse duration and waveform, pulse repletion rate, size and type of electrodes, distance between electrodes, voltage and electric current levels, as well as the fit of the collar all factor into the amount and comfort of signal received, thus comfort and reliability can fluctuate significantly from one manufacturer to the next. The best available collars have a wide range of settings beginning with extremely mild stimulation, including a non-shock, vibrating function.

It should be noted, however, that modern shock collars sold in the US shift intensity levels by altering pulse duration or repetition rate instead of increasing current or voltage. The sensation received can be manipulated, but the electrical energy remains relatively constant.

Conditioning Studies:
A 2007 study by E. Schalke, J. Stichnoth, S. Ott, and R. Jones-Baade, sought to investigated stress caused by the use of electric shock collars by measuring animals’ heart rates and saliva cortisol. For seven months 14 laboratory-bred beagles were trained daily in three separate experimental groups. Group A (Aversion) received an electric pulse when the dogs touched a rabbit dummy attached to a motion device (the prey). Group H (Here) received the electric pulse when they did not obey a previously trained recall command while hunting. Group R (Random) received the electric pulse randomly, unpredictably and out of context.

After the seven months of experimental training, the dogs’ heart rates and cortisol levels were tested in a variety of hunting situations: for the first five days the dogs were allowed to hunt unimpeded; for the next five days the dogs were impeded by a leash; for the last seven days the electric training collars were brought back and the dogs were separated into their groups and treated as described previously.

The data revealed that Group A did not show a significant rise in salivary cortisol levels, but Groups H and R did show significant increases, with Group R as the greatest increase in salivary cortisol levels. When the beagles were tested four weeks later, the results remained the same.

Schalke et al. summarized the conclusion of their study: “This led to the conclusion that animals, which were able to clearly associate the electric stimulus with their action, i.e. touching the prey, and consequently were able to predict and control the stressor, did not show considerable or persistent stress indicators.”

Purchasing information:
E-collars.com features a variety of training and noise-reduction collars in all sizes:
The 1800 NC by Dogtra, priced at $289.99, is sexy has a one mile range and 16 levels of continuous and momentary stimulation instantly selectable at the transmitter.

The G3 Sport Combo by Tritronics, priced at $269, has a half-mile range and twenty levels of continuous and momentary stimulation instantly selectable at the transmitter.

The PRO 100 G2 EXP also by Tritronics, priced at $447, has a one-mile range and three levels of continuous stimulation (low, medium, and high) which are instantly selectable at the transmitter, and there’s also a separate button for delivering a quick pre-set duration of momentary stimulation for enforcing commands the dog already knows and for correcting behavior.

1 Comment»

  Feddyedilia wrote @

Brilliant!


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